Module meerschaum.utils.prompt

Functions for interacting with the user.

Expand source code
#! /usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# vim:fenc=utf-8

"""
Functions for interacting with the user.
"""

from __future__ import annotations
from meerschaum.utils.typing import Any, Union, Optional, Tuple, List

def prompt(
        question: str,
        icon: bool = True,
        default: Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None] = None,
        detect_password: bool = True,
        is_password: bool = False,
        wrap_lines: bool = True,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw: Any
    ) -> str:
    """
    Ask the user a question and return the answer.
    Wrapper around `prompt_toolkit.prompt()` with modified behavior.
    For example, an empty string returns default instead of printing it for the user to delete
    (`prompt_toolkit` behavior).

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str
        The question to print to the user.

    icon: bool, default True
        If True, prepend the configured icon.

    default: Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None], default None
        If the response is '', return the default value.

    detect_password: bool, default True
        If `True`, set the input method to a censored password box if the word `password`
        appears in the question.

    is_password: default False
        If `True`, set the input method to a censored password box.
        May be overridden by `detect_password` unless `detect_password` is set to `False`.

    wrap_lines: bool, default True
        If `True`, wrap the text across multiple lines.
        Flag is passed onto `prompt_toolkit`.

    noask: bool, default False
        If `True`, only print the question and return the default answer.

    Returns
    -------
    A `str` of the input provided by the user.

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import
    from meerschaum.utils.formatting import colored, ANSI, CHARSET, highlight_pipes, fill_ansi
    from meerschaum.config import get_config
    from meerschaum.config.static import _static_config
    if not noask:
        prompt_toolkit = attempt_import('prompt_toolkit')
    question_config = get_config('formatting', 'question', patch=True)

    ### if a default is provided, append it to the question.
    default_answer = default
    if default is not None:
        question += f" (default: "
        if isinstance(default, tuple) and len(default) > 1:
            question += f"{default[0]} [{default[1]}]"
            default_answer = default[0]
        else:
            question += f"{default}"
        question += ")"

    ### detect password
    if (detect_password and 'password' in question.lower()) or is_password:
        kw['is_password'] = True
  
    ### Add the icon and only color the first line.
    lines = question.split('\n')
    first_line = lines[0]
    other_lines = '' if len(lines) <= 1 else '\n'.join(lines[1:])

    if ANSI:
        first_line = fill_ansi(highlight_pipes(first_line), **question_config['ansi']['rich'])
        other_lines = highlight_pipes(other_lines)

    _icon = question_config[CHARSET]['icon']
    question = (' ' + _icon + ' ') if icon and len(_icon) > 0 else ''
    question += first_line
    if len(other_lines) > 0:
        question += '\n' + other_lines
    question += ' '

    answer = (
        prompt_toolkit.prompt(
            prompt_toolkit.formatted_text.ANSI(question),
            wrap_lines = wrap_lines,
            **kw
        ) if not noask else ''
    )
    if noask:
        print(question)
    if answer == '' and default is not None:
        return default_answer
    return answer


def yes_no(
        question: str = '',
        options: Tuple[str, str] = ('y', 'n'),
        default: str = 'y',
        wrappers: Tuple[str, str] = ('[', ']'),
        icon: bool = True,
        yes: bool = False,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw : Any
    ) -> bool:
    """
    Print a question and prompt the user with a yes / no input.
    Returns `True` for `'yes'`, False for `'no'`.

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str, default ''
        The question to print to the user.

    options: Tuple[str, str], default ('y', 'n')
        The `y/n` options. The first is considered `True`, and all options must be lower case.

    default: str, default y
        The default option. Is represented with a capital to distinguish that it's the default.

    wrappers: Tuple[str, str], default ('[', ']')
        Text to print around the '[y/n]' options.

    icon: bool, default True
        If True, prepend the configured question icon.

    Returns
    -------
    A bool indicating the user's choice.

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> yes_no("Do you like me?", default='y')
     ❓ Do you like me? [Y/n]
    True
    >>> yes_no("Cats or dogs?", options=('cats', 'dogs'))
     ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs]
     Please enter a valid response.
     ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs] dogs
    False
    ```
    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import error, warn
    from meerschaum.utils.formatting import ANSI, UNICODE
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import

    default = options[0] if yes else default
    noask = yes or noask

    ending = f" {wrappers[0]}" + "/".join(
        [
            o.upper() if o.lower() == default.lower()
            else o.lower() for o in options
        ]
    ) + f"{wrappers[1]}"
    while True:
        try:
            answer = prompt(question + ending, icon=icon, detect_password=False, noask=noask)
            success = True
        except KeyboardInterrupt:
            success = False
        
        if not success:
            error(f"Error getting response. Aborting...", stack=False)
        if answer == "":
            answer = default

        if answer.lower() in options:
            break
        warn('Please enter a valid reponse.', stack=False)
    
    return answer.lower() == options[0].lower()

def choose(
        question: str,
        choices: List[str],
        default: Optional[str] = None,
        numeric: bool = True,
        multiple: bool = False,
        delimiter: str = ',',
        icon: bool = True,
        warn: bool = True,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw
    ) -> Union[str, Tuple[str], None]:
    """
    Present a list of options and return the user's choice.

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str
        The question to be printed.

    choices: List[str]
        A list of options.

    default: Optional[str], default None
        If the user declines to enter a choice, return this value.

    numeric: bool, default True
        If `True`, number the items in the list and ask for a number as input.
        If `False`, require the user to type the complete string.

    multiple: bool, default False
        If `True`, allow the user to choose multiple answers separated by `delimiter`.

    delimiter: str, default ','
        If `multiple`, separate answers by this string. Raise a warning if this string is contained
        in any of the choices.

    icon: bool, default True
        If `True`, include the question icon.

    warn: bool, default True
        If `True`, raise warnings when invalid input is entered.

    noask: bool, default False
        If `True`, skip printing the question and return the default value.

    Returns
    -------
    A string for a single answer or a tuple of strings if `multiple` is `True`.

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn as _warn
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import

    ### Handle empty choices.
    if len(choices) == 0:
        _warn(f"No available choices. Returning default value '{default}'.", stacklevel=3)
        return default

    ### If the default case is to include multiple answers, allow for multiple inputs.
    if isinstance(default, list):
        multiple = True

    def _enforce_default(d):
        if d is not None and d not in choices and warn:
            _warn(
                f"Default choice '{default}' is not contained in the choices {choices}. "
                + "Setting numeric = False.",
                stacklevel = 3
            )
            return False
        return True

    ### Throw a warning if the default isn't a choice.
    for d in (default if isinstance(default, list) else [default]):
        if not _enforce_default(d):
            numeric = False
            break

    _default = default
    _choices = choices
    if multiple:
        question += f"\n    Enter your choices, separated by '{delimiter}'."

    altered_choices = {}
    altered_indices = {}
    altered_default_indices = {}
    delim_replacement = '_' if delimiter != '_' else '-'
    can_strip_start_spaces, can_strip_end_spaces = True, True
    for c in choices:
        if can_strip_start_spaces and c.startswith(' '):
            can_strip_start_spaces = False
        if can_strip_end_spaces and c.endswith(' '):
            can_strip_end_spaces = False

    if multiple:
        ### Check if the defaults have the delimiter.
        for i, d in enumerate(default if isinstance(default, list) else [default]):
            if d is None or delimiter not in d:
                continue
            new_d = d.replace(delimiter, delim_replacement)
            altered_choices[new_d] = d
            altered_default_indices[i] = new_d
        for i, new_d in altered_default_indices.items():
            if not isinstance(default, list):
                default = new_d
                break
            default[i] = new_d

        ### Check if the choices have the delimiter.
        for i, c in enumerate(choices):
            if delimiter in c and warn:
                _warn(
                    f"The delimiter '{delimiter}' is contained within choice '{c}'.\n"
                    + f"Replacing the string '{delimiter}' with '{delim_replacement}' in "
                    + "the choice for correctly parsing input (will be replaced upon returning the prompt).",
                    stacklevel = 3,
                )
                new_c = c.replace(delimiter, delim_replacement)
                altered_choices[new_c] = c
                altered_indices[i] = new_c
        for i, new_c in altered_indices.items():
            choices[i] = new_c
        default = delimiter.join(default) if isinstance(default, list) else default

    if numeric:
        _choices = [str(i + 1) for i, c in enumerate(choices)]
        _default = ''
        if default is not None:
            for d in (default.split(delimiter) if multiple else [default]):
                _d = str(choices.index(d) + 1)
                _default += _d + delimiter
        _default = _default[:-1 * len(delimiter)]
        question += '\n'
        choices_digits = len(str(len(choices)))
        for i, c in enumerate(choices):
            question += f"  {i + 1}. " + (" " * (choices_digits - len(str(i + 1)))) + f"{c}\n"
        default_tuple = (_default, default) if default is not None else None
    else:
        default_tuple = default
        question += '\n'
        for c in choices:
            question += f"  - {c}\n"

    if 'completer' not in kw:
        WordCompleter = attempt_import('prompt_toolkit.completion').WordCompleter
        kw['completer'] = WordCompleter(choices, sentence=True)

    valid = False
    while not valid:
        answer = prompt(
            question,
            icon = icon,
            default = default_tuple,
            noask = noask,
            **kw
        )
        ### Split along the delimiter.
        _answers = [answer] if not multiple else [a for a in answer.split(delimiter)]

        ### Remove trailing spaces if possible.
        _answers = [(_a.rstrip(' ') if can_strip_end_spaces else _a) for _a in _answers]

        ### Remove leading spaces if possible.
        _answers = [(_a.lstrip(' ') if can_strip_start_spaces else _a) for _a in _answers]

        ### Remove empty strings.
        _answers = [_a for _a in _answers if _a]

        if multiple and len(_answers) == 0:
            _answers = default_tuple if isinstance(default_tuple, list) else [default_tuple]
        answers = [altered_choices.get(a, a) for a in _answers]

        valid = (len(answers) > 1 or not (len(answers) == 1 and answers[0] is None))
        for a in answers:
            if (
                not a in {_original for _new, _original in altered_choices.items()}
                and not a in _choices
                and a != default
                and not noask
            ):
                valid = False
                break
        if valid:
            break
        if warn:
            _warn(f"Please pick a valid choice.", stack=False)

    if not multiple:
        if not numeric:
            return answer
        try:
            return choices[int(answer) - 1]
        except Exception as e:
            _warn(f"Could not cast answer '{answer}' to an integer.", stacklevel=3)

    if not numeric:
        return answers
    _answers = []
    for a in answers:
        try:
            _answer = choices[int(a) - 1]
            _answers.append(altered_choices.get(_answer, _answer))
        except Exception as e:
            _warn(f"Could not cast answer '{a}' to an integer.", stacklevel=3)
    return _answers


def get_password(
        username: Optional[str] = None,
        minimum_length: Optional[int] = None,
        confirm: bool = True,
        **kw: Any
    ) -> str:
    """
    Prompt the user for a password.

    Parameters
    ----------
    username: Optional[str], default None
        If provided, print the username when asking for a password.

    minimum_length: Optional[int], default None
        If provided, enforce a password of at least this length.

    confirm: bool, default True
        If `True`, prompt the user for a password twice.

    Returns
    -------
    The password string (censored from terminal output when typing).

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> get_password()
     ❓ Password: *******
     ❓ Confirm password: *******
    'hunter2'
    ```

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn
    while True:
        password = prompt(
            f"Password" + (f" for user '{username}':" if username is not None else ":"),
            is_password = True,
            **kw
        )
        if minimum_length is not None and len(password) < minimum_length:
            warn(
                "Password is too short. " +
                f"Please enter a password that is at least {minimum_length} characters.",
                stack = False
            )
            continue

        if not confirm:
            return password

        _password = prompt(
            f"Confirm password" + (f" for user '{username}':" if username is not None else ":"),
            is_password = True,
            **kw
        )
        if password != _password:
            warn(f"Passwords do not match! Please try again.", stack=False)
            continue
        else:
            return password


def get_email(username: Optional[str] = None, allow_omit: bool = True, **kw: Any) -> str:
    """
    Prompt the user for an email and enforce that it's valid.

    Parameters
    ----------
    username: Optional[str], default None
        If provided, print the username in the prompt.

    allow_omit: bool, default True
        If `True`, allow the user to omit the email.

    Returns
    -------
    The provided email string.

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> get_email()
     ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo
     Invalid email! Please try again.
     ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo.com
    'foo@foo.com'
    ```
    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn
    from meerschaum.utils.misc import is_valid_email
    while True:
        email = prompt(
            f"Email" + (f" for user '{username}'" if username is not None else "") +
            (" (empty to omit):" if allow_omit else ": "),
            **kw
        )
        if (allow_omit and email == '') or is_valid_email(email):
            return email
        warn(f"Invalid email! Please try again.", stack=False)

Functions

def choose(question: str, choices: List[str], default: Optional[str] = None, numeric: bool = True, multiple: bool = False, delimiter: str = ',', icon: bool = True, warn: bool = True, noask: bool = False, **kw) ‑> Union[str, Tuple[str], NoneType]

Present a list of options and return the user's choice.

Parameters

question : str
The question to be printed.
choices : List[str]
A list of options.
default : Optional[str], default None
If the user declines to enter a choice, return this value.
numeric : bool, default True
If True, number the items in the list and ask for a number as input. If False, require the user to type the complete string.
multiple : bool, default False
If True, allow the user to choose multiple answers separated by delimiter.
delimiter : str, default ','
If multiple, separate answers by this string. Raise a warning if this string is contained in any of the choices.
icon : bool, default True
If True, include the question icon.
warn : bool, default True
If True, raise warnings when invalid input is entered.
noask : bool, default False
If True, skip printing the question and return the default value.

Returns

A string for a single answer or a tuple of strings if multiple is True.

Expand source code
def choose(
        question: str,
        choices: List[str],
        default: Optional[str] = None,
        numeric: bool = True,
        multiple: bool = False,
        delimiter: str = ',',
        icon: bool = True,
        warn: bool = True,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw
    ) -> Union[str, Tuple[str], None]:
    """
    Present a list of options and return the user's choice.

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str
        The question to be printed.

    choices: List[str]
        A list of options.

    default: Optional[str], default None
        If the user declines to enter a choice, return this value.

    numeric: bool, default True
        If `True`, number the items in the list and ask for a number as input.
        If `False`, require the user to type the complete string.

    multiple: bool, default False
        If `True`, allow the user to choose multiple answers separated by `delimiter`.

    delimiter: str, default ','
        If `multiple`, separate answers by this string. Raise a warning if this string is contained
        in any of the choices.

    icon: bool, default True
        If `True`, include the question icon.

    warn: bool, default True
        If `True`, raise warnings when invalid input is entered.

    noask: bool, default False
        If `True`, skip printing the question and return the default value.

    Returns
    -------
    A string for a single answer or a tuple of strings if `multiple` is `True`.

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn as _warn
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import

    ### Handle empty choices.
    if len(choices) == 0:
        _warn(f"No available choices. Returning default value '{default}'.", stacklevel=3)
        return default

    ### If the default case is to include multiple answers, allow for multiple inputs.
    if isinstance(default, list):
        multiple = True

    def _enforce_default(d):
        if d is not None and d not in choices and warn:
            _warn(
                f"Default choice '{default}' is not contained in the choices {choices}. "
                + "Setting numeric = False.",
                stacklevel = 3
            )
            return False
        return True

    ### Throw a warning if the default isn't a choice.
    for d in (default if isinstance(default, list) else [default]):
        if not _enforce_default(d):
            numeric = False
            break

    _default = default
    _choices = choices
    if multiple:
        question += f"\n    Enter your choices, separated by '{delimiter}'."

    altered_choices = {}
    altered_indices = {}
    altered_default_indices = {}
    delim_replacement = '_' if delimiter != '_' else '-'
    can_strip_start_spaces, can_strip_end_spaces = True, True
    for c in choices:
        if can_strip_start_spaces and c.startswith(' '):
            can_strip_start_spaces = False
        if can_strip_end_spaces and c.endswith(' '):
            can_strip_end_spaces = False

    if multiple:
        ### Check if the defaults have the delimiter.
        for i, d in enumerate(default if isinstance(default, list) else [default]):
            if d is None or delimiter not in d:
                continue
            new_d = d.replace(delimiter, delim_replacement)
            altered_choices[new_d] = d
            altered_default_indices[i] = new_d
        for i, new_d in altered_default_indices.items():
            if not isinstance(default, list):
                default = new_d
                break
            default[i] = new_d

        ### Check if the choices have the delimiter.
        for i, c in enumerate(choices):
            if delimiter in c and warn:
                _warn(
                    f"The delimiter '{delimiter}' is contained within choice '{c}'.\n"
                    + f"Replacing the string '{delimiter}' with '{delim_replacement}' in "
                    + "the choice for correctly parsing input (will be replaced upon returning the prompt).",
                    stacklevel = 3,
                )
                new_c = c.replace(delimiter, delim_replacement)
                altered_choices[new_c] = c
                altered_indices[i] = new_c
        for i, new_c in altered_indices.items():
            choices[i] = new_c
        default = delimiter.join(default) if isinstance(default, list) else default

    if numeric:
        _choices = [str(i + 1) for i, c in enumerate(choices)]
        _default = ''
        if default is not None:
            for d in (default.split(delimiter) if multiple else [default]):
                _d = str(choices.index(d) + 1)
                _default += _d + delimiter
        _default = _default[:-1 * len(delimiter)]
        question += '\n'
        choices_digits = len(str(len(choices)))
        for i, c in enumerate(choices):
            question += f"  {i + 1}. " + (" " * (choices_digits - len(str(i + 1)))) + f"{c}\n"
        default_tuple = (_default, default) if default is not None else None
    else:
        default_tuple = default
        question += '\n'
        for c in choices:
            question += f"  - {c}\n"

    if 'completer' not in kw:
        WordCompleter = attempt_import('prompt_toolkit.completion').WordCompleter
        kw['completer'] = WordCompleter(choices, sentence=True)

    valid = False
    while not valid:
        answer = prompt(
            question,
            icon = icon,
            default = default_tuple,
            noask = noask,
            **kw
        )
        ### Split along the delimiter.
        _answers = [answer] if not multiple else [a for a in answer.split(delimiter)]

        ### Remove trailing spaces if possible.
        _answers = [(_a.rstrip(' ') if can_strip_end_spaces else _a) for _a in _answers]

        ### Remove leading spaces if possible.
        _answers = [(_a.lstrip(' ') if can_strip_start_spaces else _a) for _a in _answers]

        ### Remove empty strings.
        _answers = [_a for _a in _answers if _a]

        if multiple and len(_answers) == 0:
            _answers = default_tuple if isinstance(default_tuple, list) else [default_tuple]
        answers = [altered_choices.get(a, a) for a in _answers]

        valid = (len(answers) > 1 or not (len(answers) == 1 and answers[0] is None))
        for a in answers:
            if (
                not a in {_original for _new, _original in altered_choices.items()}
                and not a in _choices
                and a != default
                and not noask
            ):
                valid = False
                break
        if valid:
            break
        if warn:
            _warn(f"Please pick a valid choice.", stack=False)

    if not multiple:
        if not numeric:
            return answer
        try:
            return choices[int(answer) - 1]
        except Exception as e:
            _warn(f"Could not cast answer '{answer}' to an integer.", stacklevel=3)

    if not numeric:
        return answers
    _answers = []
    for a in answers:
        try:
            _answer = choices[int(a) - 1]
            _answers.append(altered_choices.get(_answer, _answer))
        except Exception as e:
            _warn(f"Could not cast answer '{a}' to an integer.", stacklevel=3)
    return _answers
def get_email(username: Optional[str] = None, allow_omit: bool = True, **kw: Any) ‑> str

Prompt the user for an email and enforce that it's valid.

Parameters

username : Optional[str], default None
If provided, print the username in the prompt.
allow_omit : bool, default True
If True, allow the user to omit the email.

Returns

The provided email string.

Examples

>>> get_email()
 ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo
 Invalid email! Please try again.
 ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo.com
'foo@foo.com'
Expand source code
def get_email(username: Optional[str] = None, allow_omit: bool = True, **kw: Any) -> str:
    """
    Prompt the user for an email and enforce that it's valid.

    Parameters
    ----------
    username: Optional[str], default None
        If provided, print the username in the prompt.

    allow_omit: bool, default True
        If `True`, allow the user to omit the email.

    Returns
    -------
    The provided email string.

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> get_email()
     ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo
     Invalid email! Please try again.
     ❓ Email (empty to omit): foo@foo.com
    'foo@foo.com'
    ```
    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn
    from meerschaum.utils.misc import is_valid_email
    while True:
        email = prompt(
            f"Email" + (f" for user '{username}'" if username is not None else "") +
            (" (empty to omit):" if allow_omit else ": "),
            **kw
        )
        if (allow_omit and email == '') or is_valid_email(email):
            return email
        warn(f"Invalid email! Please try again.", stack=False)
def get_password(username: Optional[str] = None, minimum_length: Optional[int] = None, confirm: bool = True, **kw: Any) ‑> str

Prompt the user for a password.

Parameters

username : Optional[str], default None
If provided, print the username when asking for a password.
minimum_length : Optional[int], default None
If provided, enforce a password of at least this length.
confirm : bool, default True
If True, prompt the user for a password twice.

Returns

The password string (censored from terminal output when typing).

Examples

>>> get_password()
 ❓ Password: *******
 ❓ Confirm password: *******
'hunter2'
Expand source code
def get_password(
        username: Optional[str] = None,
        minimum_length: Optional[int] = None,
        confirm: bool = True,
        **kw: Any
    ) -> str:
    """
    Prompt the user for a password.

    Parameters
    ----------
    username: Optional[str], default None
        If provided, print the username when asking for a password.

    minimum_length: Optional[int], default None
        If provided, enforce a password of at least this length.

    confirm: bool, default True
        If `True`, prompt the user for a password twice.

    Returns
    -------
    The password string (censored from terminal output when typing).

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> get_password()
     ❓ Password: *******
     ❓ Confirm password: *******
    'hunter2'
    ```

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import warn
    while True:
        password = prompt(
            f"Password" + (f" for user '{username}':" if username is not None else ":"),
            is_password = True,
            **kw
        )
        if minimum_length is not None and len(password) < minimum_length:
            warn(
                "Password is too short. " +
                f"Please enter a password that is at least {minimum_length} characters.",
                stack = False
            )
            continue

        if not confirm:
            return password

        _password = prompt(
            f"Confirm password" + (f" for user '{username}':" if username is not None else ":"),
            is_password = True,
            **kw
        )
        if password != _password:
            warn(f"Passwords do not match! Please try again.", stack=False)
            continue
        else:
            return password
def prompt(question: str, icon: bool = True, default: Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None] = None, detect_password: bool = True, is_password: bool = False, wrap_lines: bool = True, noask: bool = False, **kw: Any) ‑> str

Ask the user a question and return the answer. Wrapper around prompt_toolkit.prompt() with modified behavior. For example, an empty string returns default instead of printing it for the user to delete (prompt_toolkit behavior).

Parameters

question : str
The question to print to the user.
icon : bool, default True
If True, prepend the configured icon.
default : Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None], default None
If the response is '', return the default value.
detect_password : bool, default True
If True, set the input method to a censored password box if the word password appears in the question.
is_password : default False
If True, set the input method to a censored password box. May be overridden by detect_password unless detect_password is set to False.
wrap_lines : bool, default True
If True, wrap the text across multiple lines. Flag is passed onto prompt_toolkit.
noask : bool, default False
If True, only print the question and return the default answer.

Returns

A str of the input provided by the user.

Expand source code
def prompt(
        question: str,
        icon: bool = True,
        default: Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None] = None,
        detect_password: bool = True,
        is_password: bool = False,
        wrap_lines: bool = True,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw: Any
    ) -> str:
    """
    Ask the user a question and return the answer.
    Wrapper around `prompt_toolkit.prompt()` with modified behavior.
    For example, an empty string returns default instead of printing it for the user to delete
    (`prompt_toolkit` behavior).

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str
        The question to print to the user.

    icon: bool, default True
        If True, prepend the configured icon.

    default: Union[str, Tuple[str, str], None], default None
        If the response is '', return the default value.

    detect_password: bool, default True
        If `True`, set the input method to a censored password box if the word `password`
        appears in the question.

    is_password: default False
        If `True`, set the input method to a censored password box.
        May be overridden by `detect_password` unless `detect_password` is set to `False`.

    wrap_lines: bool, default True
        If `True`, wrap the text across multiple lines.
        Flag is passed onto `prompt_toolkit`.

    noask: bool, default False
        If `True`, only print the question and return the default answer.

    Returns
    -------
    A `str` of the input provided by the user.

    """
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import
    from meerschaum.utils.formatting import colored, ANSI, CHARSET, highlight_pipes, fill_ansi
    from meerschaum.config import get_config
    from meerschaum.config.static import _static_config
    if not noask:
        prompt_toolkit = attempt_import('prompt_toolkit')
    question_config = get_config('formatting', 'question', patch=True)

    ### if a default is provided, append it to the question.
    default_answer = default
    if default is not None:
        question += f" (default: "
        if isinstance(default, tuple) and len(default) > 1:
            question += f"{default[0]} [{default[1]}]"
            default_answer = default[0]
        else:
            question += f"{default}"
        question += ")"

    ### detect password
    if (detect_password and 'password' in question.lower()) or is_password:
        kw['is_password'] = True
  
    ### Add the icon and only color the first line.
    lines = question.split('\n')
    first_line = lines[0]
    other_lines = '' if len(lines) <= 1 else '\n'.join(lines[1:])

    if ANSI:
        first_line = fill_ansi(highlight_pipes(first_line), **question_config['ansi']['rich'])
        other_lines = highlight_pipes(other_lines)

    _icon = question_config[CHARSET]['icon']
    question = (' ' + _icon + ' ') if icon and len(_icon) > 0 else ''
    question += first_line
    if len(other_lines) > 0:
        question += '\n' + other_lines
    question += ' '

    answer = (
        prompt_toolkit.prompt(
            prompt_toolkit.formatted_text.ANSI(question),
            wrap_lines = wrap_lines,
            **kw
        ) if not noask else ''
    )
    if noask:
        print(question)
    if answer == '' and default is not None:
        return default_answer
    return answer
def yes_no(question: str = '', options: Tuple[str, str] = ('y', 'n'), default: str = 'y', wrappers: Tuple[str, str] = ('[', ']'), icon: bool = True, yes: bool = False, noask: bool = False, **kw: Any) ‑> bool

Print a question and prompt the user with a yes / no input. Returns True for 'yes', False for 'no'.

Parameters

question : str, default ''
The question to print to the user.
options : Tuple[str, str], default ('y', 'n')
The y/n options. The first is considered True, and all options must be lower case.
default : str, default y
The default option. Is represented with a capital to distinguish that it's the default.
wrappers : Tuple[str, str], default ('[', ']')
Text to print around the '[y/n]' options.
icon : bool, default True
If True, prepend the configured question icon.

Returns

A bool indicating the user's choice.

Examples

>>> yes_no("Do you like me?", default='y')
 ❓ Do you like me? [Y/n]
True
>>> yes_no("Cats or dogs?", options=('cats', 'dogs'))
 ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs]
 Please enter a valid response.
 ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs] dogs
False
Expand source code
def yes_no(
        question: str = '',
        options: Tuple[str, str] = ('y', 'n'),
        default: str = 'y',
        wrappers: Tuple[str, str] = ('[', ']'),
        icon: bool = True,
        yes: bool = False,
        noask: bool = False,
        **kw : Any
    ) -> bool:
    """
    Print a question and prompt the user with a yes / no input.
    Returns `True` for `'yes'`, False for `'no'`.

    Parameters
    ----------
    question: str, default ''
        The question to print to the user.

    options: Tuple[str, str], default ('y', 'n')
        The `y/n` options. The first is considered `True`, and all options must be lower case.

    default: str, default y
        The default option. Is represented with a capital to distinguish that it's the default.

    wrappers: Tuple[str, str], default ('[', ']')
        Text to print around the '[y/n]' options.

    icon: bool, default True
        If True, prepend the configured question icon.

    Returns
    -------
    A bool indicating the user's choice.

    Examples
    --------
    ```python-repl
    >>> yes_no("Do you like me?", default='y')
     ❓ Do you like me? [Y/n]
    True
    >>> yes_no("Cats or dogs?", options=('cats', 'dogs'))
     ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs]
     Please enter a valid response.
     ❓ Cats or dogs? [cats/dogs] dogs
    False
    ```
    """
    from meerschaum.utils.warnings import error, warn
    from meerschaum.utils.formatting import ANSI, UNICODE
    from meerschaum.utils.packages import attempt_import

    default = options[0] if yes else default
    noask = yes or noask

    ending = f" {wrappers[0]}" + "/".join(
        [
            o.upper() if o.lower() == default.lower()
            else o.lower() for o in options
        ]
    ) + f"{wrappers[1]}"
    while True:
        try:
            answer = prompt(question + ending, icon=icon, detect_password=False, noask=noask)
            success = True
        except KeyboardInterrupt:
            success = False
        
        if not success:
            error(f"Error getting response. Aborting...", stack=False)
        if answer == "":
            answer = default

        if answer.lower() in options:
            break
        warn('Please enter a valid reponse.', stack=False)
    
    return answer.lower() == options[0].lower()